Alexithymia is a term used to describe difficulties in recognising emotions. It's actually a Greek phrase that means "no words for feeling."
Despite the fact that the ailment is not well-known, it is estimated that one out of every ten people suffers with alexythymia.
The public's knowledge of this issue appears to be growing. It's frequently used as a secondary diagnosis in people with other mental health issues or disabilities, such as depression or autism.
This does not, however, imply that everyone with these diseases has difficulty expressing and recognising emotions. In truth, research reveal that only a small fraction of people are affected.
Alexithymic people may have trouble expressing feelings that are considered to be universally acceptable, like as gladness on a happy event. Others may struggle to recognise their feelings.
These people aren't always objective. Instead, they may lack the intensity of their peers' feelings and may struggle to empathise.In social situations, however, a person with alexithymia may feel anger, bewilderment, difficulty "reading faces," uneasiness, emptiness, elevated heart rate, and a lack of affection.
This illness may also make it difficult for a person to recognise changes in his or her body as emotional responses. You could have problems connecting a beating heart to excitement or anxiety, but you can still recognise that you're having a physiological reaction right now. A mental health professional can diagnose alexithymia.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, does not officially recognise it (DSM-5). Instead, your mental health professional will most likely ask you questions and make a diagnosis based on your responses.
A self-reported questionnaire may also be requested.An MRI conducted by a neurologist is another possible test. The insula in the brain will be visualised as a result.Similar to neurological problems and mental illnesses in general, there is no specific test for alexithymia.
Receiving the proper diagnosis can take some time. There is currently no individual treatment for alexithymia. The exact therapeutic technique for Alexithymia is unknown.
It's possible that it's a genetic issue or could potentially be caused by insula injury in the brain. Some studies have linked insula injuries to apathy and anxiety, and this area of the brain is renowned for its role in social skills, empathy, and emotions.
Alexithymia can also occur as a result of depression. Major depressive and postpartum illnesses, as well as schizophrenia, have all been linked to it. According to studies, alexithymia affects 32 to 51 percent of those who suffer from depression.
This disease has also been observed in patients who have been exposed to trauma, particularly during childhood.Trauma and neglect at this age can lead to brain alterations that make it difficult to feel and recognise emotions later in life.
Alexithymia is a syndrome that isn't well-known, yet it has been investigated for more than four decades.
It manifests in people who have trouble identifying and expressing emotions, and it frequently occurs in the context of another underlying neurological illness or mental health disorder.
While this condition is not inherently harmful, it may accidentally cause interpersonal and relationship problems.
The good news is that there are therapies that can assist you in improving your mental health. Not only will this help with interpersonal interactions, but it may also make you feel better.