Abdulaziz Issa

Abdulaziz Issa

1 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Jan 28, 2023, 5:55 AM Jan 28, 2023, 5:55 AM
The process of harvesting edible mushrooms involves several steps. Prepare the mushroom bed: The mushroom bed should be prepared in a way that is suitable for the type of mushroom being grown. This includes selecting the right substrate for the mushroom, providing the appropriate amount of moisture and nutrients, and ensuring the right environmental conditions are maintained. Spawning: Mushroom spawn is a substance that contains mycelium, the vegetative growth of a fungus. Spawning helps to spread the mycelium throughout the mushroom bed. Fruiting: After the mycelium has colonized and the mushroom bed is ready, it is time to initiate the fruiting process. This is usually done by increasing temperature, humidity, oxygen levels, and light. Harvesting: The mushrooms are ready to be harvested when the caps have opened and the gills are visible. The mushrooms should be carefully harvested using a knife or scissors. Packaging: After the mushrooms have been harvested, they should be carefully packed in suitable containers for transport and storage. Cleaning: The mushrooms should be cleaned with a soft brush or paper towel to remove any dirt and debris. Drying: Drying the mushrooms helps to preserve them for a longer period of time. This is usually done by placing the mushrooms in a warm and dry place. Storing: Proper storage is necessary to maintain the quality of the mushrooms. The mushrooms should be placed in an airtight container and stored in a cool, dark place
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38 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Jan 1, 2023, 12:43 PM Jan 1, 2023, 12:43 PM
The benefits of home based care and health services includes, helping patients get freedom and comfort in their own way....
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10 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Jan 1, 2023, 11:35 AM Jan 1, 2023, 11:35 AM
Food banned for children under one year old:Honey:- Even though honey is a good food it is not recommended for...
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0 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Nov 23, 2022, 5:37 AM Nov 23, 2022, 5:37 AM
In general, As already pointed out, the most dramatic endeavours in synthetic biology are attempts to create manmade cells that...
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2 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Oct 18, 2022, 2:37 AM Oct 18, 2022, 2:37 AM
Generally, cancer is genetic malfunction occurs to a cell which leaves the cell uncontrolled in terms of division. In other...
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1,464 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Sep 18, 2022, 9:59 PM Oct 11, 2022, 7:40 AM
Plants have developed very sophisticated mechanisms to recognize a foreign organism and defend itself from it. Plants have several preformed physical barrier (e.g., wax layer, trichomes) and chemical (toxins), to prevent the attack from disease causing organism. In case of bio-trophic pathogen, in addition to physical barrier, plants activate a multilayered innate immune system to protect themselves against pathogen attack. The plant immunity response typically consists of two stages: pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI) (Jones and Dangl, 2006). The first layer of plant’s innate immunity is called PAMP or MAMP or NAM-triggered immunity which is activated following the detection of non self epitopes by extracellular pattern recognition receptors known as pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs). PAMPs include molecules which are parts of molecules accidently released by an invading pathogen or present as a structural component at the pathogen’s surface such as lipopolysaccharide and chitin, the cell wall components of bacteria and fungi, as well as bacterial flagellin or virus-derived double-stranded RNA (Nurnberger, et al., 2004, Boller and Felix, 2009). These immune receptors (PRRs) are transmem-brane proteins located at the cell surface. They typically consist of an extracellular leucine-rich-repeat, a trans-membrane domain, and a cytoplasmic kinase domain (Monaghan and Zipfel, 2012). Binding of these immune receptors to PAMPs induce PAMP triggered immunity (PTI) by triggering signaling cascades that initiate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), production of antimicrobial compounds, altered ion fluxes, an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration, expression of pathogenesis related (defense) genes, protein phosphorylation, changes in protein–protein interactions and localized callose deposition cell walls (Zipfel, 2009).
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3 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Sep 18, 2022, 9:58 PM Sep 18, 2022, 9:58 PM
The life cycle of plant-parasitic root-knot nematodes consists of two phases: the pre-parasitic and parasitic phase. Pre-parasitic phase, root-knot nematodes...
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4 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Aug 28, 2022, 6:34 AM Aug 28, 2022, 6:34 AM
To sum up, synthetic biology is more akin to a new engineering discipline, in which new cells or organisms are...
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6 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Aug 28, 2022, 6:33 AM Aug 28, 2022, 6:33 AM
In summary, in1920s, Morgans and his student Herman J. Muller, stated that genes had to be material particles but indirectly....
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26 Hits Abdulaziz Issa Aug 26, 2022, 2:26 AM Aug 27, 2022, 6:11 AM
In general, adducin is membrane skeleton protein which consists of either A- and B- or A- and Y-subunits, which to...
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